Cannabis 101

Unlike an over-the-counter drug, medical marijuana has a bit of technical background that it really helps to understand.

 

Cannabis 101

Unlike an over-the-counter drug, medical marijuana has a bit of technical background that it really helps to understand.

Strains

The concentrations of CBD, THC and other cannabinoids in a specific plant are determined by its genetics or “strain” in horticultural terms. However, with no governing body providing oversight on the labeling of strains, plants purchased from different dispensaries with the same strain name may have very different cannabinoid ratios—and thus effects.


At Etain, we grow four proprietary strains (Dolce, Mezzo, Balance, Forte) which each contain a particular ratio of CBD and THC, ensuring excellent product consistency.

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Etain Dolce Strain

Very high CBD concentration

 

Effects

Promotes relaxation and anti-inflammation but does not cause feelings of euphoria.

 

Indications

Epilepsy, Huntington's disease, Parkinson’s disease

 

References

Cannabidiol for Neurodegenerative Disorders

 

Etain Mezzo Strain

2:1 CBD-to-THC ratio

 

Effects

Combines the calming and relaxing effects of CBD with a minor sense of euphoria.

 

Indications

Huntington's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, cancer, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), neuropathies, spinal cord damage

 

References

Cannabidiol for Neurodegenerative Disorders

 

 

Recommended as an introductory product for patients who want to use THC in their treatments, but at lower doses.

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Etain Balance Strain

1:1 CBD-to-THC ratio

 

Effects

Provides a moderate euphoric effect accompanied by the calming effects of THC.

 

Indications

Epilepsy, Huntington's disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, cancer, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), neuropathies, spinal cord damage

 

References

Cannabinoids in medicine

Cannabidiol for Neurodegenerative Disorders

Etain Forte Strain

Very high THC concentration

 

Effects

Delivers a strong sensation of euphoria

 

Indication

Nausea, loss of appetite, chronic pain, muscle spasms and spasticity associated with neurodegenerative diseases or spinal cord injuries

 

References

Cannabinoids in medicine

Cannabinoids as pharmacotherapies for neuropathic pain

 

 

Recommended for experienced cannabis users

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Consumption methods

There are many ways cannabinoids can be consumed—and the differences are more important than you might expect. To determine which method is best for a particular person, you have to consider several factors, including the lifestyle, medical history and even pharmacological issues, e.g., the first pass effect.



Tinctures


What it is

Cannabis oil dissolved in alcohol or oil


Delivery method

Swallowed or placed under the tongue


Time of onset

45-60 minutes (swallowed), 15-30 minutes (under the tongue)


Duration of effect

6-7 hours


Hardware

Dropper or syringe


Dosage control

Not very precise


Additional notes

Can be mixed with food or beverages, however taste is usually bitter; good for microdosing

Capsules


What it is

Capsule filled with a combination of cannabis oil and a carrier liquid, e.g., MCT oil


Delivery method

Swallowed


Time of onset

45-60 minutes


Duration of effect

6-7 hours


Hardware

Hard shells (two pieces of gelatin, glued together) or soft shells (continuous coating)


Dosage control

Very precise


Additional notes

Gelatin can be vegetarian or non-vegetarian

Oral Sprays


What it is

Spritzer filled with cannabis oil and a carrier liquid, e,g, MCT oil, glycerin


Delivery method

Swallowed or placed under the tongue


Time of onset

45-60 minutes (swallowed), 15-30 minutes (under the tongue)


Duration of effect

6-7 hours


Hardware

Hand-held spray bottle


Dosage control

Easy to measure precisely


Additional notes

Need a new canister to change dosage accurately; tinctures are better for microdosing

Vape Pen


What it is

Vaporized cannabis oil, may be combined with carrier liquid, e.g., MCT oil, polypropylene glyocol


Delivery method

Inhaled


Time of onset

5-15 minutes


Duration of effect

4-5 hours


Hardware

A small, battery-powered device heats a liquid-filled cartridge to generate a metered dose of vapor with every draw, i.e., 5 seconds, 10 seconds


Dosage control

Highly precise (to the milligram)


Additional notes

The vaping crisis of 2019 was caused by the inhalation of additives in carrier liquids. For this reason, Etain’s vaporizer cartridges contain 100% pure cannabis oil.

Powders


What it is

Cannabis oil combined with dried materials


Delivery method

Swallowed


Time of onset

45-60 minutes


Duration of effect

6-7 hours


Hardware

Can be dissolved in everything from cold water to milk to melted chocolate


Dosage control

Highly precise


Additional notes

Large amounts of powder can cause gastrointestinal distress

Topicals


What it is

Lotions, balms, creams or patches infused with cannabis oil


Delivery method

Applied to skin


Time of onset

30-45 minutes


Duration of effect

6-7 hours


Hardware

Topical patches include a penetrating agent that allows cannabis and other ingredients to enter the bloodstream


Dosage control

Precise for patches, difficult to measure for lotions, creams, etc.


Additional notes

Patches can induce euphoria and whole-body effects (similar to consuming cannabis directly) but lotions, etc. do not

Edibles


What it is

Food or drink infused with cannabis oil


Delivery method

Swallowed


Time of onset

45-60 minutes


Duration of effect

6-7 hours


Hardware

Gummies, chocolate, mints, gum, suckers, cupcakes, brownies, soda


Dosage control

Difficult to measure precisely


Additional notes

New users should begin by taking a small dose, wait 2 hours for peak THC concentration in blood and then decide whether to take more.

Flower


What it is

Ground up, cured buds of the cannabis plant


Delivery method

Inhaled (vapor or smoke)


Time of onset

5-15 minutes


Duration of effect

4-5 hours


Hardware

For vapor, a glass chamber heats the ground flower to 300F – 400F; for smoke, buds are burned in pipe joint


Dosage control

Difficult to measure precisely


Additional notes

The long-term impact of inhaling vaporized cannabis has not been researched extensively.

Concentrates and other oils (hash, shatter, wax, rosin, sauce, etc.)


What it is

Concentrated cannabis oil, in liquid or wax form


Delivery method

Inhaled


Time of onset

5-15 minutes


Duration of effect

4-5 hours


Hardware

A special water pipe (a.k.a., dab rig, oil rig, wax rig) that vaporizes concentrates with heat


Dosage control

Difficult to measure precisely


Additional notes

Can produce potentially flammable gases so users must be extra careful